Metabolic Syndrome or Syndrome X
The metabolic syndrome, also called syndrome X, is not a disease in itself. Rather, it refers to the presence of a set of physiological signs that increase the risk of type 2 diabetes , heart disease and stroke. It is a cluster of risk factors that increase the chances of developing heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. These physiological signs include Visceral Obesity, Insulin Resistance, Hypertension, High Triglycerides and Low HDL-Cholesterol. These warning signs of serious or chronic health problems are not always visible or felt by the person affected. Tests prescribed by the doctor during a routine medical examination reveal them. For example, someone with abnormal glucose and blood lipid levels and high blood pressure will be diagnosed with a metabolic syndrome or syndrome x. This is a serious warning signal and it is better to treat these anomalies before the situation degenerates.
Definition of Metabolic Syndrome
The definition of metabolic syndrome varies somewhat by country or health organization. The clearest to date is in Canada, the criteria used by the International Diabetes Federation is used in multiple countries to define metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome occurs when 3 or more of the following risk factors are present:
- Abdominal overweight (when fat concentrates around the waist): waist circumference is greater than 80 cm (31.5 in) for women and 37 in (37 in) for men.
Note: These values are for Caucasian, African, Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern populations. For the Chinese, the Japanese, the people of Southeast Asia, as well as the indigenous populations of America (North, Central and South), the values are the same for women, but 90 cm (35, 5 inches) for men.
- High blood triglyceride level: this level is equal to or greater than 1.7 mmol / l (150 mg / dl).
- Hypertension: The blood pressure is equal to or greater than 130 mm Hg / 85 mm Hg.
- Low levels of “good” cholesterol (HDL): less than 1.0 mmol / l (40 mg / dl) in men and 1.3 mmol / l (50 mg / dl) in women.
- High blood sugar: equal to or greater than 5.6 mmol / l or 101 mg / dl. Blood glucose is measured with a fasting blood test.
Note. Measurements in mmol / l are used almost everywhere in the world, except in the United States, where measurement in milligrams per deciliter (mg / dl) is used instead.
The list of these risk factors could lengthen as research continues. This could change the very definition of the metabolic syndrome. For example, the inflammation, as measured by the presence of C-reactive protein, could one day be a part.
Causes of Metabolic syndrome (Syndrome X)
Although heredity is one of the causes of this syndrome, the vast majority of cases are rather linked to a sedentary lifestyle and a diet high in calories and low in nutrients (fast food, excess sugar and fat, generous portions, etc.).
Who is affected?
The metabolic syndrome is now so prevalent that it is estimated that between 20% and 25% of the adult population is affected in the United States. In the over 60s, 40% would be affected. Most of these people are unaware of their condition.
If the syndrome is more common in men over 50 and women over 60 years , the Western tendency to physical inactivity and being overweight makes it reaches people more and more young people. Indeed, a 1999 survey in Quebec from 2244 schoolchildren of 9, 13 and 16 reveals that even at this age, 11.5% of them suffer from metabolic syndrome.
Who is at risk for metabolic syndrome?The syndrome runs in families and is more common among African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and Native Americans. For all people, the chances of developing the syndrome rises as people get older. You might be at risk for the syndrome if you don’t get much exercise and have:
- Gained weight, especially around the waist
- Parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes
- High levels of fat or glucose in your blood
- High blood pressure
- Insulin resistance ± Glucose intolerance
- Polycystic ovary syndrone
- Chronic kidney disease
- Love plasma testosterone, erectile dysfuntion or both
- Proinflammatory state
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Prothrombotic state
Most people who have metabolic syndrome feel healthy and may not have any signs or symptoms, especially if they are not obese. However, they are at risk of developing life-threatening diseases like diabetes and heart disease in the future.
Treatment from a GP
There is no one set Medical treament one type of treatment as metabolic syndrome is a cluster of multiple disease, so each disease is treated individually.
Nutrotionally & Naturopathic Treatment
This is where we differ as we believe there is a treatment for metabolic syndrome and treate the whole person with.
- Clinical Nutritional Medicine